Miroshnikov S.A., Zavyalov O.A., Frolov A.N.

Effect of lead concentration in hair on elemental interrelation and milk production of the Holstein cows

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-1-54

UDC 546.81:637.62:636.22/.28.082.13

Effect of lead concentration in hair on elemental interrelation and milk production of the Holstein cows

S.A. Miroshnikov1,2, O.A. Zavyalov1, A.N. Frolov1

1FSBSI«Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences»

2 FSBEI HE «Orenburg State University»

Summary. To assess the effect of lead level in hair on elemental status and milk productivity, a study was conducted on Holstein cows of the first lactation, with a live weight of 500-550 kg. The elemental status was studied in the period of increasing the milk yield within 30-40 days after calving.

At the first stage of research, the elemental composition of hair of the Holstein cows (n=198), bred in one of Russian regions – the Leningrad region, was studied; on the basis of these studies, percentile distributions of concentrations of chemical elements in hair were established and «physiological standard» was adopted.

At the second stage of research the dependence of lead level in hair on the elemental status and dairy productivity on clinically healthy cows of the Holstein breed in the conditions of CJSC «Gatchinskoe» of the Leningrad Region (n=47) and LLC «AgrofirmPromyshlennaya» of the Orenburg Region (n=50)was assessed. For this, based on lead level calculations, animals were divided into six groups, three groups in each farm: I and IV groups – up to the 25th percentile, II and V – within the boundaries of the 25-75th percentile, III and VI– is above the 75th percentile.

The elemental composition of the hair was determined by 25 chemical elements by atomic emission and mass spectrometry.

It was established that the total content of toxic trace elements in hair of animals of group III was higher by 73.8% (P£0.01) and 40.0%, and essential – by 2.46 times (P£0.05) and 57.7% (Р£0.05), with a decrease of 1% of the average daily milk yield by 24.6 and 4.2%, fat – 19.8 and 3.9%, protein – 12.5 and 2.6%, SOMO – 10.5 and 5.0%, respectively, compared with the I and II groups.

A similar pattern was obtained in the second farm, there the concentration of lead increases, and toxic and essential microelements also increase

An assessment of correlation relationships between the concentrations of toxic and essential trace elements in animal hair revealed an increase in the number of reliable bonds with increasing lead concentration from 0.0245-0.247 to 1.49-3.0 µg /g from 7-8 to 15.

Based on the above, a conclusion was made about the prospects of assessing the level of toxic elements in predicting the milk production of livestock.

Key words: cows, Holstein breed, elemental status, hair, lead concentration, toxic elements, milk productivity.


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    Miroshnikov Sergey Aleksandrovich, doctor of biological sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, director FSBSI «Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences» 460000, Russia, Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29, tel.: 8(3532)43-46-41; FSBEI HE «Orenburg State University», 460018, Russia, Orenburg, pr. Pobedy, 13, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru

    Zavyalov Oleg Aleksandrovich, candidate of agricultural sciences, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production FSBSI «Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 460000, Russia, Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29, tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: oleg-zavyalov83@mail.ru

    Frolov Alexey Nikolaevich, candidate of agricultural sciences, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production FSBSI «Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 460000, Russia, Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29, tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: forleh@mail.ru