Sizova Elena, Yausheva Elena

 DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-1-6


 Comparative productivity of broiler chickens injected with variously sized ultrafine iron particles

E.A. Sizova1,2, E.V. Yausheva1

1 FSBSI«Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences»

2 FSBEI HE «Orenburg State University»

 Summary. Studies were conducted to determine the effect of various size ultradisperse preparations of elemental iron on the productivity and metabolism of broiler chickens. Ultrafine iron particles were synthesized by high-temperature condensation. The test using the genetically engineered luminescent strain of Echerichia coli K12 TG1 (in vitro) did not reveal the toxicity of ultrafine particles and their agglomerates. In the experiment on 120 Broiler chickens «Smena 7» (in vivo), a comparative assessment of the effectiveness of a single intramuscular injection of iron preparations with a particle size of 80±5 nm (ultrafine particles); 923.7±29.6 nm (agglomerates of ultrafine particles) and 9.8±0.4 μm (microparticles) was made. The use of preparations allowed to increase the live weight of chickens. The maximum difference with the control group was achieved using ultrafine particles on day 4 after injection – 9.8 % (P≤0.01); agglomerates – on day 17 it was 4.97 % (P≤0.01); microparticles – on the 17th day 8.5 % (P≤0.01). Injections of iron preparations were accompanied by an increase in protein concentration in daily increase in chickens: with the use of ultrafine particles by 1.3-4.3 g, agglomerates by 0.6-1.4, microparticles by 0.1-1.4 The use of iron preparations was accompanied by an increase in the arginine content in liver of chickens compared with the control. After using ultrafine particles the increase was by 2.25 % (P≤0.05) – a day later, by 3.78 % (P≤0.05) – 7 days after the injection. After using agglomerates for 7 days– it increased by 2.08 % (P≤0.05), microparticles – after 21 days by 3.86 % (P≤0.05). Thus, for different particles of elemental iron, similar biological effects were shown, increasing with decreasing particle size. Further research requires solutions for the combined use of ultrafine particles of metals and arginine.

Key words: broiler chickens, ultrafine particles, iron preparations, productivity.


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    Sizova Elena Anatolievna, doctor of biological sciences, head of the center «Nanotechnology in agriculture» FSBSI «Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences» 460000, Russia,Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29, tel.: 8(3532)77-39-97; associateprofessorFSBEI HE «Orenburg State University», 460018, Russia, Orenburg, pr. Pobedy, 13, e-mail:

    Yausheva Elena Vladimirovna, candidate of biological sciences, center «Nanotechnology in agriculture» FSBSI «Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences» 460000, Russia,Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29