A M  Makaeva, K N  Atlanderova, E A  Sizova, S A Miroshnikov, V V  Vanshin

Research was carried out according the plan of reasearch scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (No 0761-2019-0005)

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-3-19

UDC 636.085:577.17

 The elemental and microecological composition of rumen after use of highly dispersive particles

in cattle feeding

 A M Makaeva1, K N Atlanderova1, E A Sizova1,2, S A Miroshnikov1,2, V V Vanshin2

1Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)

2Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)

Summary. The article presents the results of studies of elemental and microecological composition of the rumen of young cattle after use of finely dispersed particles of silicon dioxide (SiO2) and an alloy of iron and cobalt (FeCo) with a hydrodynamic radius of 109.6±16.6 and 265±25 nm, respectively. In «in vitro» experiment, it was shown that the digestibility of dry matter of feed when exposed in ruminal fluid is maximal after introduction of finely dispersed particles (FDP) of SiO2 at a concentration of 2 mg/ml. The introduction of SiO2 FDP promotes progressive silicon accumulation in ruminal fluid with dynamics from 3.8% three to 31% six hours after administration. The use of FeCo FDP in feeding is accompanied by a decrease in the concentration of iron in ruminal fluid by 46% and 52%, cobalt – by 40% and 50% after three and six hours, respectively.

The introduction of SiO2 FDP into food is associated with changes in the microecological status and enzymatic activity of ruminal fluid and contributes to an increase in the digestibility of dry matter.

The absence of toxic effects of FDP with respect to ruminalmicroflora, the positive effect of the studied fine particles on main bacterial groups of the rumen microbiome, and the absence of the development of conditionally pathogenic microflora show their relative biosafety for the environment and prospects for use in animal husbandry practice.

Key words: cattle, mineral nutrition, elemental status, microflora, ruminal fluid, finely dispersed particles, silicon dioxide (SiO2), alloy of iron and cobalt.


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Makaeva Aina Maratovna, Junior Researcher, Center «Nanotechnology in agriculture» Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8-919-842-46-99, e-mail: ayna.makaeva@mail.ru

Atlanderova Kseniya Nikolayevna, Junior Researcher, Specialist Testing Center CCU, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., e-mail: atlander-kn@mail.ru

Sizova Elena Anatolievna, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Head Of The Center «Nanotechnology in agriculture» Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)77-39-97; Associate Professor, Department of Biology and Soil Science, Orenburg State University, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, 13 Pobedy Avenue, e-mail: Sizova.L78@yandex.ru

Miroshnikov Sergey Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Corresponding Member, Russian Academy Of Sciences, Director, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-41, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru; Professor, Executive Director Institute of Bioelementology, Orenburg State University, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, 13 Pobedy Avenue

Vanshin Vladimir Valeryevich, Cand. Sci (Agr.), Associate Professor, Department Technology of Food Production, Orenburg State University, 13 Pobedy Avenue, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, e-mail: post@mail.osu.ru

Received: 2 September 2019; Accepted: 16 September 2019; Published: 30 September 2019