S A Miroshnikov, O A Zavyalov, A N Frolov, M Ya Kurilkina, E A Tyapugin, Kh Kh Tagirov


Research was carried out according the plan of reasearch scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (No 0526-2019-0001)

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-3-33

UDC 636.085:577.17

Reference ranges of concentrations of chemical elements in the wool of dairy cows

S A Miroshnikov1,2, O A Zavyalov1, A N Frolov1, M Ya Kurilkina1, E A Tyapugin1, Kh Kh Tagirov1,3

1Federal Research Center for Biological System and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)

2Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)

3Bashkir State Agrarian University (Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan)

 Summary. This study is an attempt to assess the boundaries of reference intervals of chemical elements in wool of highly productive dairy cows (for example, the Holstein breed) bred in the East European (Russian) plain. Wool samples were taken from clinically healthy Holstein cows after the first (n=50; age–2.3±0.4 years; adjusted 1% milk yield 137.9±3.8 kg/day), second (n=98; age – 3.2±0.5 years; adjusted 1% milk yield – 189.0±15.0 kg/day) and third (n=50; age – 4.3±0.4 years; adjusted 1% milk yield – 221,0±8.8 kg/day) lactations. Stage of lactation is 30-60 days after calving. Wool samples were subjected to multielement analysis (Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, I, Li, Mn, Ni, Se, Si, V, Zn, B, V, Al, As, Cd, Hg, Pb, Sn, Sr) by methods atomic emission and mass spectroscopy with inductively coupled argon plasma. A comparative analysis of the chemical composition of wool did not reveal significant differences between the animals of the first, second and third lactations in main essential elements. The cows of the first lactation were characterized by a reliably low (P≤0.05) concentration of Pb in wool in relation to the cows of the third lactation and a higher level (P≤0.05) of Hg in comparison with the cows of the second lactation. Due to the fact that average values ​​of concentrations of main essential and toxic elements in wool of cows of various lactations did not significantly differ, and the revealed difference in the content of lead and mercury did not have a stable trend depending on the studied parameter in all three groups, reference intervals were calculated for all animals disregarding separation by lactations. It is concluded that the data obtained can be used as reference intervals assessing the elemental status of highly productive dairy cows.

Key words: cows, Holstein breed, elemental status, wool (hair), reference intervals.


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Miroshnikov Sergey Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Corresponding Member, Russian Academy Of Sciences, Director, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-41, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru; Professor, Executive DirectorInstitute of Bioelementology, Orenburg State University, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, 13 Pobedy Avenue

Zavyalov Oleg Aleksandrovich, Cand. Sci (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: oleg-zavyalov83@mail.ru

Frolov Alexey Nikolaevich, Cand. Sci (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: forleh@mail.ru

Kurilkina Marina Yakovlevna, Cand. Sci (Biol.), Researcher of the Testing Center CCU, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)77-39-97, e-mail: icvniims@mаil.ru

Tyapugin Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sci (Biol.),Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences, ChiefResearcherLaboratoryofmoleculargeneticresearchandmetallomicsinanimalhusbandry, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru

Tagirov Khamit Kharisovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Professor, Chief Researcher,Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St; HeadoftheDepartmentofTechnologyofMeat, DairyProductsandChemistry, Bashkir State Agricultural University, 450001, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, St. 50 years of October, 34; tel.: 8-905-003-99-27, е-mail: tagirov-57@mail.ru

Received: 13 August 2019; Accepted: 16 September 2019;Published: 30 September 2019