K N Atlanderova, A M Makaeva, S A Miroshnikov, E A Sizova


Research was carried out according the plan of research scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (No 0526-2019-0002)

 DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-3-106

 UDC 636.085:577.17:633.872.1

The effect of the preparation based on ultrafine particles and oak bark extract

on mineral composition of ruminal fluid

K N Atlanderova1, A M Makaeva1, S A Miroshnikov1,2, E A Sizova1,2

1 Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)

2 Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)

Summary. The article presents the study results of the effect of a preparation consisting of ultrafine particles of Cu and an aqueous extract of oak bark on macro- and microelement composition of ruminal fluid three hours after feeding. The experiment revealed the presence of significant changes, especially for macronutrients in the I and III experimental groups with respect to the control. The concentration of magnesium increases by 3.14% and 0.63%, while in the II experimental group it decreases by 0.64%. The concentration of other macronutrients also increases in the experimental groups: sodium in the I experimental group increases – by 24.54%, in the II experimental group it increases – by 27.42% (P≤0.001), and in III – by 39.07% (P≤0.001) relative to the control. Phosphorus increases significantly in all experimental groups: in I experimental group by 65.81% (P≤0.001), in II– by 72.93% (P≤0.001), in III– 79.48% (P≤0.001) relative to the control. According to the research results, the number of trace elements in the ruminal fluid of experimental animals is significantly different from the control. So, 3 hours after the introduction of oak bark extract (group I), the concentration of As decreases by 50%, Ni by 26.92% and Fe by 32.81% of the control. In the II experimental group there was a significant increase in Cu by 114%, Mn– by 39.20%, Zn– by 33.75% relative to the control. The higher value of elements was observed in the III experimental group, this may be due to the joint effect of the experimental additives.

 Key words: cattle, feeding, plant extract, oak bark, ultrafine particles, elemental composition, ruminal fluid.

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 Atlanderova Kseniya Nikolayevna,Junior Researcher, SpecialistTesting Center CCU,Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia,29, 9 Januarya St., e-mail: atlander-kn@mail.ru

 Makaeva Aina Maratovna, Junior Researcher, Center «Nanotechnology in Agriculture»,Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8-919-842-46-99, e-mail: ayna.makaeva@mail.ru

 Miroshnikov Sergey Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Corresponding Member, Russian Academy Of Sciences, Director, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-41, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru; Professor, Executive DirectorInstitute of Bioelementology, Orenburg State University, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, 13 Pobedy Avenue

 Sizova Elena Anatolievna, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Head Of The Center «Nanotechnology in agriculture» Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia,29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)77-39-97; Associate Professor, Department of Biology and Soil Science, Orenburg State University, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, 13 Pobedy Avenue, e-mail: Sizova.L78@yandex.ru

 Received: 3 September 2019; Accepted: 16 September 2019; Published: 30 September 2019