N I Tarabukin, F G Kayumov, N P Gerasimov, R F Tretyakova

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-3-83

UDC 636.087.72 (571.56)

Digestibility of nutrients of diet, nitrogen and mineral metabolism of young cattle of the Yakut,

Kalmyk and Simmental breeds under conditions of Yakutia

N I Tarabukin1, F G Kayumov2, N P Gerasimov2, R F Tretyakova2

1 Yakutia State Agricultural Academy (Yakutsk, Russia)

2 Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia) 

Summary. The successful development of beef cattle breeding in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) largely depends on the correct choice of breed for breeding in specific climatic and economic conditions. This requires the identification of potential breeds by establishing the rate of their growth, determining the biological characteristics of livestock.

This research experiment was carried out with the aim of studying the digestibility of nutrients and metabolism in the body of calves of the Yakut, Simmental and Kalmyk breed under the same conditions of keeping and feeding. The studies were conducted on three groups of calves of the Yakut, Simmental and Kalmyk breeds.

To control the physiological state at the beginning and end of experiments from each group, blood of three animals was examined, and clinical indicators were measured (body temperature, respiratory rate, pulse). The studied feed was of average quality. At the same time, experimental animals maintained a good appetite, satisfactorily digested the nutrients of the diet. Since the amount of feed taken and the content technology were the same, the increase in the digestibility rate of nutrients is due to the difference in breed of experimental bulls. A positive balance of nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus indicates a normal course of metabolic processes in the body of experimental animals. Body temperature, pulse rate and respiration were within physiological standards. Species differences are not significant.

Key words: beef cattle breeding, young cattle, breed, feeding, digestibility, metabolism, Yakutia.


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Tarabukin Nikolay Il'ich, Applicant, Yakutia State Agricultural Academy, 677007, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Yakutsk, Russia, Sergelyahskoe highway 3 km, 3,tel.: (4112)36-52-01;tel.: +79245952646, е-mail: nit3101@mail.ru

Kayumov Foat Galimovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Professor, Head of the Scientific Direction, Head of the Laboratory of New Breeds and Types of Beef Cattle Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St.;  tel.: 8(3532)43-46-76, cell phone 8-987-341-75-80, е-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru, nazkalms@mail.ru

Gerasimov Nikolay Pavlovich, Cand. Sci (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Department for Beef Cattle Breeding, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St, e-mail: nick.gerasimov@rambler.ru

Tretyakova Ruzia Foatovna, Specialist of Department for Beef Cattle Breeding, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 460000, Russia, Orenburg, ul. 9 Yanvarya, 29, tel.: 8-912-358-96-17, e-mail: kserev_1976@mail.ru

Received: 23 August 2019; Accepted: 16 September 2019; Published: 30 September 2019