Kaldygulov SR, Kadysheva MD, Tyulebaev SD, Kosilov VI, Amirshoev FS
Research was carried out according the plan of research scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (No 0761-2019-0012)
Comparative characteristics of heifers population of Bredy beef type of the Simmental breed
according to some biological indicators
Samat R Kaldygulov1, Marvat D Kadysheva1, Sayasat D Tyulebaev1, Vladimir I Kosilov2,
Fayzullo S Amirshoev3
1 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)
2Orenburg State Agrarian University (Orenburg, Russia)
3Institute of Animal Breeding, Tajik Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe)
Summary. A comparative study of biological characteristics of young cattle of Bredy beef type of two populations located in Russia and Kazakhstan was carried out to determine the state of allelic forms of some marker genes and elemental status according coat depending on the breeding site. During genotyping, a real-time PCR method using oligonucleotide primers (GenBank) was used, for each primer individually in the corresponding sequences. The elemental composition was determined in laboratory conditions on animal hair samples using a quadrupole mass spectrometer using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICP). Studies have revealed the frequencies of genotypes and alleles for marker genes CAPN1, TG5, BGL, which are related to meat quality indicators, while a certain shift in genotypes of the compared populations was found for the CAPN1 gene (ᵪ2 = 8.52) and the TG5 gene (ᵪ2 = 4.73). A difference in the elemental composition of wool of animals from different populations was found, due to a depressive effect on the environment, as well as the consequences of toxic activities in one of the zones under consideration. It is noted that indicators according to the content of Co, Cr, Ni, Pb, V exceed the reference intervals for the zone of the South Urals developed by our scientists, from 1.6 times for Co to 5.7 times for V. According to these standards, the content of chemical elements in the coat of animals, Sovkhoz Bredinsky LLC corresponded to the identified centiles (25-75%).
Key words: cattle, Simmental breed, Bredy beef type, young animals, gene, genotype, allele, frequency of genotypes and alleles, wool, chemical element.
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Kaldygulov Samat Reyovich, external doctorate student of Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St.,tel .: 8(3532)30-81-74, e- mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kadysheva Marvat Dusangalievna, Cand. Sci. (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St.,tel .: 8(3532)30-81-74, e-mail: email@example.com
Tyulebaev Sayasat Dzhakslykovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Professor, Head of the Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St.,tel.: 8(3532)30-81-74, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kosilov Vladimir Ivanovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Professor of Department of Production Technology and Processing of Livestock Products, Orenburg State Agrarian University, 460014, Orenburg, Russia, 18 Chelyuskintsev, St.
Amirshoev Fayzullo Safarovich, Dr. Sci. (Biol.), Professor, Director of Institute of Institute of Animal Breeding, Tajik Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 734067, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan, 17 Giprozem St., tel .: 810992372310607
Received: 25 November 2019; Accepted: 16 December 2019;Published: 31 December 2019