Makaeva AM, Sizova EA., Atlanderova KN
This work was carried out as part of research on project No. 18-8-9-19
Digestibility of feed and metabolism of young cattle after mineral complexes introduced
into the diet
Aina M Makaeva1, Elena A Sizova.1,2, Kseniya N Atlanderova1
1 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences(Orenburg, Russia)
2Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)Summary. The genuine interest of scientific community is the question of studying the results of applying various forms of mineral feed additives in order to increase the productivity of farm animals. The article presents the results of studies of metabolism and digestibility of feed of young cattle with the introduction of highly dispersed particles (HDP) SiO2 (group I) and FeCo (group II) with hydrodynamic radius of 109.6 ± 16.6 and 265 ± 25 nm respectively. It was shown in the experiment that bulls that received SiO2 HDP had the highest digestibility indices for the majority of nutrients. The intake of energy in the body was almost the same. The bulls of group I and II consumed more digestible energy by 2.9% (P≤0.01) and 3.1% (P≤0.01) relative to the control. Metabolic energy in groups I and II exceeded the control group by 12 and 2 MJ. The introduction of HDP is accompanied by an increase in nitrogen digestion by 10.3% (P≤0.05) in group I and by 13.1% (P≤0.01) in group II compared to the control. The dominant position was occupied by group II, nitrogen utilization rate of bulls from that group was higher than in the control and in group I, and the nitrogen utilization rate from the digested one was higher by 76.5% (P≤0.01) and 15,4% (P≤0.01), respectively. Thus, feeding animals with HDP of microelements is accompanied by an increase in the digestibility ratios of nutrients in diets with a pronounced effect for SiO2 HDPs. Key words: cattle, bulls, Red Steppe Breed, feeding, digestibility of nutrients, highly dispersed particles, energy exchange, nitrogen exchange. References
- Atlanderova KN, Makaeva AM, Kurilkina MYa. Prospects for the use of ultrafine particles in the feeding of young cattle. (Conference proceedigs)Nanotechnology in agriculture: prospects and risks: international materials. scientific-practical conf. (Orenburg, September 26-27. 2018). under total. ed. Corr. RAS Miroshnikov SA. Orenburg: Publishing House FRS BST RAS; 2018: 46-50.
- Bogolubova NV, Romanov VN, Devyatkin VA. The processes of sheep digestion and digestibility of nutrients using mineral shungite as ergotropic substances source. Bulletin Samara State Agricultural Academy. 2015;1:168-171.
- Venediktov AM. The use of macronutrients in feeding cattle. Handbook of forage-vym additives.. Minsk: Uradzhai; 1990:142-149
- Kurilkina MYa, Kholodilina TN, Muslyumova DM, Atlanderova KN, Zavyalov OA. The effect of finely dispersed metal particles on the digestibility of nutrients and energy exchange in the body of young cattle. Herald of Beef Cattle Breeding. 2017;4(100):197-201.
- Duskaev GK, Karimov IF. Some recommendations and developments for use in feeding cattle. (Conference proceedigs)Beef cattle breeding – priorities and development prospects: international materials. Scientific-Practical Conf. (Orenburg, April 25-26, 2018). edited by Corr. Memb SA Miroshnikov. Orenburg: Publishing House of the Federal Research Center of BST RAS; 2018:167-175.
- Fisinin VI, Laptev GYu, Nikonov IN, Il’ina LA, Yildirim EA, Filippova VA, Novikova NI, Grozina AA, Egorova TA, Lenkova TN, Manukyan VA, Egorov IA. Poultry gastrointestinal microbiome changes during ontogenesis. Agricultural Biology (Sel’skokhozyaistvennaya Biologiya). 2016;51(6):883-890. doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2016.6.883eng
- Yausheva EV, Zelepukhin AG, Ryabov NI, Kvan OV, Ramenskii VA, Zaveryukha AH, Sirazetdinov FH. Study of metal nanoparticlesas a source of micronutrient for animals. Modern Problems of Science and Education. 2013;5:470.
- Kal'nitskii B.D. The effectiveness of the use of mineral mixtures and tests to control the supply of animals with mineral elements. Handbook of feed additives.: Uradzhai; 1990: 190-194.
- Lebedev PT, Usovich AT. Methods for the study of animal feed, organs and tissues: 3rd ed., Revised. and add. Moscow: Rosselkhozizdat; 1976: 389 p.
- Lukashik AA, Tashchilin VA. Zootechnical analysis of feed. Workshop.Moscow: Kolos; 1965: 225 p.
- Nazarova AA, Polishchuk SD. The effect of nanocrystalline iron on mineral metabolism in animals(Conference proceedigs). thesis. doc. participants of the Second Int. competition scientific. works of young scientists in the field of nanotechnology. Moscow. 2009; 790-792.
- Pentyuk AA, Lutsyuk NB. Toxicological studies of silicon. Medical chemistry and clinical use of silicon dioxide. Kiїv: Naukova Dumka; 2003: 180-202.
- Levakhin VI, Balakirev NA, Kharlamov AV, Levakhin GI, et al. The allowance for research in zootechnology: textbook. allowance. Orenburg. 2016: 227 p.
- Rakhimzhanova IA, Levakhin VI, Galiev BKh. Energy metabolism in the organism of bull-calves fed the growth stimulating preparation. Izvestia Orenburg State Agrarian University.2012;6(38):118-120.
- Sizova EA, Biryukova MS, Danilova YuS. The efficacy of nano forms of trace elements in the feeding of broiler chickens. (Conference proceedigs)Nanotechnology in agriculture: prospects and risks: international materials. scientific-practical conf. (Orenburg, September 26-27. 2018). under total. ed. Corr. RAS Miroshnikov SA. Orenburg: Publishing House FRS BST RAS; 2018: 145-149.
- Sizova EA, Yausheva EV.Comparative productivity of broiler chickens injected with variously sized ultrafine iron particles. AnimalHusbandryandFodderProduction. 2019;102(1):6-21. doi: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-1-6
- Sizova EA. Comparative analysis of the different-sized copper and iron nanoparticles biological effects. Vestnik of the Russian Agricultural Science. 2017a;3:13-17.
- Sizova EA. Effect of copper nanoparticles in traduced to the diet on cadmium level of broiler chickens. Herald of Beef Cattle Breeding. 2017b;1(97):13-20.
- Bogoslovskaya OA, Baitukalov TA, Glushchenko NN, Sheremet AS, Ol'khovskaya IP, Lobaeva TA, Lopatin SA, Varlamov VP. A comparative study of the wound healing effect of substances of various nature. Natural and Technical sciences. 2007;6(32):91-99.
- Makaeva AM, Atlanderova KN, Sizova EA, Miroshnikov SA, Vanshin VV. The elemental and microecological composition of rumen after use of highly dispersive particles in cattle feeding. Animal Husbandry and Fodder Production. 2019;102(3):19-32. (In Russ)]. doi: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-3-19
- Alimohamady R, Aliarabi H, Bahari A, Dezfoulian AH. Influence of different amounts and sources of selenium supplementation on performance, some blood parameters, and nutrient digestibility in lambs. Biological Trace Element Research. 2013;154(1):45-54. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-013-9698-4
- Arelovich HM, Owens FN, Horn GW, Vizcarra JA. Effects of supplemental zinc and manganese on ruminal fermentation, forage intake, and digestion by cattle fed prairie hay and urea. Journal of Animal Science. 2000;78(11):2972-2979. doi:https://doi.org/10.2527/2000.78112972x
- Bergmann GT. Microbial community composition along the digestive tract in forage- and grain-fed bison. BMC Vet Res. 2017;13(1):253. doi: 10.1186/s12917-017-1161-x.
- Cui H , Zhang TT, Nie H, Wang ZC, Zhang XL, Shi B, Yang FH, Gao XH. Effects of sources and concentrations of zinc on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and fur quality of growing-furring female mink (Mustela vison). J Anim Sci. 2017;95(12):5420-5429. doi:https://doi.org/10.2527/jas2017.1810
- Espinosa CD, Fry RS, Kocher ME, Stein HH. Effects of copper hydroxychloride and distillers dried grains with solubles on intestinal microbial concentration and apparent ileal and total tract digestibilityof energy and nutrients by growing pigs. J Anim Sci. 2019;97(12):4904-4911. doi: 10.1093/jas/skz340.
- Fondevila M, Herrer RM, Casallas MC, Abecia L, Ducha JJ. Silver nanoparticles as a potential antimicrobial additive for weaned pigs. Animal Feed Science and 2009;150(3-4):259-269. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2008.09.003
- Gorlov IF, et al. Effect of feeding with organic microelement complex on blood composition and beef production of young cattle. Modern Applied Science. 2015;9(10):8-16. doi:10.5539/mas.v9n10p8
- Henderson G, Cox F, Ganesh S, Jonker A, Young W, Global Rumen Census C, Janssen PH. Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range. Sci. Rep. 2015;5:14567. doi: 10.1038/srep14567
- Huws SA, Creevey CJ, Oyama LB, Mizrahi I, Denman SE, Popova M, et al. Addressing global ruminant agricultural challenges through understanding the rumen microbiome: past, present, and future. Front Microbiol. 2018. 25(9):2161. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.02161
- Makaeva A, Atlanderova K, Miroshnikov S, Sizova E. Rumen microbiome of cattle after introduction of ultrafine particles in feed. FEBS Open Bio. 2019;9(S1):416.
- Miroshnikova E, Arinzhanov A, Kilyakova Y, Sizova E, Miroshnikov S. Antagonist metal alloy nanoparticles of iron and cobalt: impact on trace element metabolism in carp and chicken. Human & Veterinary Medicine. International Journal of the Bioflux Society. 2015;7(4):253-259.
- Pietroiusti A, Magrini A, Campagnolo L. New frontiers in nanotoxicology: Gut microbiota/microbiome-mediated effects of engineered nanomaterials. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2016;299:90-95. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2015.12.017
- Prasad R, Bhattacharyya A, Nguyen D. Quang nanotechnology in sustainable agriculture: recent developments, challenges, and perspectives. Front Microbiol. 2017;8:1014. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01014
- Rosenberg E, DeLong EF, Lory S, Stackebrandt E, Thompson F, editors. The Prokaryotes: Prokaryotic Biology and Symbiotic Associations. 4th ed. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg; 2013: 607 p.
- Torok VA, Percy NJ, Moate PJ, Ophel-Keller K. Influence of dietary docosahexaenoic acid supplementation on the overall rumen microbiota of dairy cows and linkages with production parameters. Can J Microbiol. 2014;60(5):267-275. doi: 10.1139/cjm-2013-0805
- Veira DM. The role of ciliate protozoa in nutrition of the ruminant Journal of Animal Science. 1986;63(5):1547-1560.
- Walsh K. et al. Intake, digestibility and rumen characteristics in cattle offered whole-crop wheat or barley silages of contrasting grain to straw ratios. Anim Feed Sci Tech. 2009;148(2):192-213. doi: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2008.03.013
- Wang MQ, Wang C, Li H, Du YJ, Tao WJ, Ye SS, He YD. Effects of chromium-loaded chitosan nanoparticles on growth, blood metabolites, immune traits and tissue chromium in finishing pigs. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012;149(2):197-203. doi: 10.1007/s12011-012-9428-3
- Wang MQ, Wang C, Li H, Du YJ, Tao WJ, Ye SS, He YD. Effects of chromium-loaded chitosan nanoparticles on growth, carcass characteristics, pork quality, and lipid metabolism in finishing pigs. LivestSci. 2014;161:123-129. doi: 10.1016/j.livsci.2013.12.029
- Wang С, Wang MQ, Ye SS, Tao WJ, Du YJ. Effects of copper-loaded chitosan nanoparticles on growth and immunity in broilers. PoultSci. 2011;90(10): 2223-2228. doi: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2011-01511
- Zeineldin M, Barakat R, Elolimy A, Salem AZM, Elghandour MMY, Monroy JC. Synergetic action between the rumen microbiota and bovine health. Microb Pathog. 2018;124:106-115. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2018.08.038
- Zelenák I, Jalc D, Plachá I, Sviatko P, Vendrák T, Siroka P, Gyulai F. The effect of copper and cobalt supplementation on the digestibility of fibrous feed in sheep. Vet Med (Praha). 1992;37(4):221-229.
- Zhu W, et al. Effects of dietary forage sources on rumen microbial protein synthesis and milk performance in early lactating dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2013;96(3):1727-1734. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-5756
Makaeva Aina Maratovna, Junior Researcher of the Centre "Nanotechnologies in agriculture", Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8-919-842-46-99, e-mail: email@example.com
Sizova Elena Anatolyevna, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Head of Centre “Nanotechnologies in Agriculture”, Federal State Centre for Biological Systems and Agricultural Technologies of Russian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8-912-344-99-07, e-mail: Sizova.L78@yandex.ru; Professor, Department of Biology and Soil Science, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, Orenburg State University, 13 Pobedy Ave.
Atlanderova Kseniya Anatolevna, Junior Researcher, Test Centre CUC, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgReceived: 13 December 2019; Accepted: 16 December 2019;Published: 31 December 2019