Makaeva AM, Sizova EA., Atlanderova KN

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-4-174



This work was carried out as part of research on project No. 18-8-9-19


Digestibility of feed and metabolism of young cattle after mineral complexes introduced

into the diet

Aina M Makaeva1, Elena A Sizova.1,2, Kseniya N Atlanderova1

1 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences(Orenburg, Russia)

2Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)

Summary. The genuine interest of scientific community is the question of studying the results of applying various forms of mineral feed additives in order to increase the productivity of farm animals. The article presents the results of studies of metabolism and digestibility of feed of young cattle with the introduction of highly dispersed particles (HDP) SiO2 (group I) and FeCo (group II) with hydrodynamic radius of 109.6 ± 16.6 and 265 ± 25 nm respectively. It was shown in the experiment that bulls that received SiO2 HDP had the highest digestibility indices for the majority of nutrients. The intake of energy in the body was almost the same. The bulls of group I and II consumed more digestible energy by 2.9% (P≤0.01) and 3.1% (P≤0.01) relative to the control. Metabolic energy in groups I and II exceeded the control group by 12 and 2 MJ. The introduction of HDP is accompanied by an increase in nitrogen digestion by 10.3% (P≤0.05) in group I and by 13.1% (P≤0.01) in group II compared to the control. The dominant position was occupied by group II, nitrogen utilization rate of bulls from that group was higher than in the control and in group I, and the nitrogen utilization rate from the digested one was higher by 76.5% (P≤0.01) and 15,4% (P≤0.01), respectively. Thus, feeding animals with HDP of microelements is accompanied by an increase in the digestibility ratios of nutrients in diets with a pronounced effect for SiO2 HDPs. Key words: cattle, bulls, Red Steppe Breed, feeding, digestibility of nutrients, highly dispersed particles, energy exchange, nitrogen exchange.   References
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Makaeva Aina Maratovna, Junior Researcher of the Centre "Nanotechnologies in agriculture", Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St.,  tel.: 8-919-842-46-99, e-mail:

Sizova Elena Anatolyevna, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Head of Centre  “Nanotechnologies in Agriculture”, Federal State Centre for Biological Systems and Agricultural Technologies of Russian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8-912-344-99-07, e-mail:; Professor, Department of Biology and Soil Science, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, Orenburg State University, 13 Pobedy Ave.

Atlanderova Kseniya Anatolevna, Junior Researcher, Test Centre CUC, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., e-mail:

Received: 13 December 2019; Accepted: 16 December 2019;Published: 31 December 2019