Ivan I Sleptsov , Nikolay I Tarabukin, Sergey А Miroshnikov, Аlexey N Florov

Assessment of the adaptive qualities of cows of the Kalmyk breed based on the study of

elemental status and blood hematological parameters to the conditions of Yakutia

  DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-103-2-43

UDC 636.22/28.082.13:591.11(571.56)

Assessment of the adaptive qualities of cows of the Kalmyk breed based on the study of

elemental status and blood hematological parameters to the conditions of Yakutia

Ivan I Sleptsov 1, Nikolay I Tarabukin1, Sergey А Miroshnikov2, Аlexey N Florov2

1 Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy (Yakutsk, Russia)

2 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)

Summary. As part of the work to form a cluster of beef cattle breeding in 2013, several shipments of the Kalmyk cattle were brought to the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) from the Republic of Kalmykia. To assess the adaptive qualities of the Kalmyk cattle to the conditions of Yakutia, studies were carried out on 3 groups of cows: group I – cows imported from the Republic of Kalmykia (n = 75), II – cows-descendants of the first generation (n = 28) and group III – cows-descendants II generation (n = 16) obtained in Yakutia. The age of cows during the selection of biosubstrates was 2.3-8.0 years, live weight – 480.4 ± 13.8 kg.

In the course of research, the elemental status and hematological parameters of Kalmyk cattle in the conditions of Yakutia were studied. Hair was sampled in March 2019. The elemental composition of hair was studied according to 25 indicators by atomic emission and mass spectrometry (AES-ICP and MS-ICP).

It is established that the elemental status of animals in the process of adaptation to the conditions of Yakutia underwent significant changes. The elemental status of cows from generation I was characterized by an increase in the exchange pools of Ca, Na, K, I, Mn, Zn, B, Sr against the background of a decrease in Hg relative to animals imported from Kalmykia. In turn, the elemental status of descendants of the second generation of cows, in contrast to the first generation, was characterized by an increase in the level of Cu and Zn, with a decrease in the amount of Cr, Si, Pb.

The study of hematological parameters revealed significant changes. So, in cows from generation to generation there is an increase in the content of red blood cells and lymphocytes with a decrease in the content of the average volume of red blood cells and hemoglobin in a single red blood cell.

Key words: cattle, cows, Kalmyk breed, adaptation, chemical elements, wool (hair), blood, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).


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Sleptsov Ivan Ivanovich, Cand. Sci (Economic), Rector, Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy, 677007, Yakutsk, Russia, 3 Sergelyakhskoe highway, 3 km, tel.: +7(4112)507-971, fax: +7(4112)358162, e-mail: ysaa.ykt @gmail.com

Tarabukin Nikolay Il’ich, Head of the Educational and Production Veterinary Clinic “Aibolit”, 677010, Yakutsk, Russia, st. Tchaikovsky, 32/1, building 1, tel.: 7(4112)36-52-01, tel.: 73-38-10

Miroshnikov Sergey Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sci (Biol.), RAS Corresponding Member, Director, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8(3532)30-81-70, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru

Frolov Alexey Nikolaevich, Cand. Sci. (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Department of Technology for Beef Cattle Breeding and Beef Production, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8(3532)30-81-78, e-mail: forleh@mail.ru

Received: 6 May 2020; Accepted: 15 June 2020; Published: 8 July 2020