Dzhulamanov K.M, Gerasimov N.P, Kolpakov V.I, Dzhulamanov E.B. Age variability of the constitution and exterior of the Hereford bulls genotyped for the GDF5 gene
Research was carried out according the plan of research scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (№0761-2019-0012)
Age variability of the constitution and exterior of the Hereford bulls genotyped
for the GDF5 gene
Kinispay M Dzhulamanov, Nikolay P Gerasimov, Vladimir I Kolpakov, Erzhan B Dzhulamanov
Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agriotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)
Summary. The transition to resource-saving technology of the beef cattle breeding industry requires the development of objective and accurate methods for predicting and assessing the potential of animal productivity. In this regard, the aim of this work was to study the effect of T586C polymorphism in the GDF5 gene on age variability of body size, volume and density of the Hereford bulls. The experimental animals were grouped after genotyping the bulls by the gene for the growth differentiating factor (GDF5): group I - carriers of the CC genotype (n = 120 animals), II - heterozygous CT individuals (n = 18 animals), and group III - carriers of TT genotype (n = 11 heads). At the age of 24 months, the maximum differences in linear measurements were recorded between bulls of different genotypes; it indicated the relative long stature of animals with a homozygous variant of the GDF5TT gene. At the same stage of rearing, the greatest intergroup distance in terms of body volume was achieved in favor of carriers of the GDF5TT genotype relative to their peers, amounting to 0.084-0.115 m3 (17.83-26.14%; P≤0.001). The variability of body density in the Hereford bulls was largely determined by the age of sexual and economic maturity. Therefore, during the sucking period, the density of the body of young animals increases. After weaning, due to the intensive development of internal organs, due to a change in the structure of the diet, the looseness of the constitution increases up to 15 months of age. Thus, as a result of the study of linear growth in bulls of the Hereford breed, a connection of the single nucleotide T586C substitution in the GDF5 gene with intrabreed variation in body size was established. At the same time, carriers of the homozygous variant of GDF5TT were distinguished by a significant superiority in the volume of the corpus compared to their peers of other genotypes. On the contrary, the relative body density was characteristic for individuals with the GDF5CC genotype.
Key words: bulls, Hereford breed, linear measurements, body volume, body density, growth factor, GDF5, genotype.
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Dzhulamanov Kinispay Murzagulovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Head of the Laboratory for Beef Cattle Breeding, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St., cell: 8-987-840-49-28, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gerasimov Nikolay Pavlovich, Cand. Sci. (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St., cell: 89123589617, e-mail: email@example.com
Kolpakov Vladimir Ivanovich, Cand. Sci (Agr.), Researcher at the Beef Cattle Breeding Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8(3532)30-81-74; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dzhulamanov Erzhan Brelevich, Cand. Sci. (Agr.), Researcher at the Beef Cattle Breeding Laboratory, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St.
Received: 19 August 2020; Accepted: 14 September 2020; Published: 30 September 2020Download