Makaev Sh.A, Gerasimov N.P.

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-103-3-102

UDC 636.082:636.088.31


Research was carried out according the plan of research scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (No 0761-2019-0012)

Influence of genotype of sires of the Kazakh white-headed breed by genes CAPN1, CAST and TG5 on meat quality parameters in offspring

Shakur A Makaev, Nikolay P Gerasimov

Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agriotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)

Summary. Now the issue of organizing breeding with the Kazakh white-headed cattle breed, with regard to the DNA markers of meat productivity, which will ensure competitiveness of domestic beef cattle breeding both in domestic and foreign markets, remains relevant. In this regard, the purpose of our research was to assess the influence of the genotype of linear sires by genes CAPN1, CAST and TG5 on the meat quality parameters in offspring of the Kazakh white-headed breed. To achieve the set tasks, an experiment was carried out in the SEC «Stud Farm «Krasny Oktyabr» of the Volgograd region according to the following scheme: Group I - offsprings of the bull Mirage 5085k of the Marzipan 2933k factory line with the genetic profile CAPN1CCCASTGGTG5CC; Group II is formed from sons of the Sniper 8911k of the factory line Smychka 5545k with the CAPN1CGCASTCGTG5CT complex; Group III - from the bull Pira 6021k of the Prizier 5001k line with the CAPN1CCCASTCCTG5CT genotype; Group IV - offspring of Dozor 4331k of the Dikiy 7619k factory line with the profile CAPN1GGCASTCCTG5CC. Control slaughter of bulls of different genetic groups was carried out at the age of 15 months. The offspring of homozygous bulls for the CASTCC gene differed in the minimum fat content and the maximum amount of protein in the average sample of minced meat. Their herdmates from homozygous sires for the calpain gene with genotype CC tended to have an increased moisture content in the carcass meat. The calculation of determination of the chemical composition of carcass meat in bulls from combination of the genotype of their sires for CAPN1, CAST, and TG5 genes showed significant differences in the strength of influence of the studied polymorphisms on the accumulation of nutrients in the body of animals. Single nucleotide polymorphism CAST C282G had a more significant effect on the variability of nutrient content in minced meat by 1.41-7.31%. However, a more noticeable effect was observed when studying the effect of the paternity factor on the chemical composition of the carcass meat, which varied in the range of 4.52-24.20%.

Key words: bulls, Kazakh white-headed breed, breeding line, gene, polymorphism, allele, meat quality, meat chemical composition.


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Makaev Shakur Akhmeevich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Chief Researcher, Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St.

Gerasimov Nikolay Pavlovich, Cand. Sci. (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St., cell: 89123589617, e-mail:

Received: 10 September 2020; Accepted: 14 September 2020; Published: 30 September 2020