Sizova E.A, Nechitailo K.S, Ivanischeva A.P, Ryabov N.I.
This work was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 20-16-00078
The prospects of using ultra-dispersed forms of metals in animal feeding
Elena A Sizova1,2, Kseniya S Nechitailo1, Anastasia P Ivanischeva1, Nikolay I Ryabov1
1 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)
2Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)
Summary. The unique prospects of using ultrafine metal forms are largely determined by their rare biological properties and their ability to act as sources of trace elements in animal nutrition. Possessing the declared characteristics, they can compete with the inorganic forms that are part of premixes for farm animals. The aim of the study was to study the effectiveness of the ultrafine alloy of copper and zinc as a dispersed inorganic material in poultry feeding in comparison with the inorganic and organic forms of these elements. The application of this approach leads to a positive productive effect. The ultrafine form of metals increases the activity of aminotransferases, which is a criterion for characterizing the level of the involvement of amino acid parts in biochemical processes due to reverse transfer reactions. It is also an indicator of changes in the passage of cell membranes of internal organs. Moreover, the histological picture of the liver of the experimental groups is similar to the control. At the same time, the absence of oxidative stress confirms the dynamics of the activity of indicators of the antioxidant system of the blood, the concentrations of which did not exceed the control values. The replacement of copper and zinc sulfates in the diet of broiler chickens with an ultrafine alloy of these elements (group I) and organic form (group II) was accompanied by an increase in the pool of these elements in broiler chickens at the end of the experiment. In the experiment, the dependence of the accumulation of the element on the form of the introduced metal was found. Copper accumulates throughout the experiment with a statistically significant difference in the liver and feather in the experimental group I. The concentration of copper with the introduction of its organic form is close to control. The dynamics of zinc concentration in feathers has a general tendency to decrease with age in all groups. The use of an ultrafine alloy leads to an increase in the concentration of zinc in the liver by the end of the experiment. Thus, the ultrafine form can become an alternative to the inorganic and organic forms of the studied elements in the nutrition of poultry.
Key words: broiler chickens, feeding, zinc, copper, ultrafine form, trace elements, biochemical parameters, elemental composition, liver, feather.
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Sizova Elena Anatolyevna, Dr. Sci (Biol.), Associate Professor, Head of Centre “Nanotechnologies in Agriculture”, Federal Research Centre for Biological Systems and Agricultural Technologies of Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel.: 8-912-344-99-07, e-mail: Sizova.L78@yandex.ru; Professor, Department of Biology and Soil Science, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, Orenburg State University, 13 Pobedy Ave.
Nechitailo Ksenia Sergeevna, 2nd year postgraduate student, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St.
Ivanishcheva Anastasia Pavlovna, 2nd year postgraduate student Laboratory Assistant Researcher of Centre “Nanotechnologies in Agriculture”, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Yanvarya St., tel .: 8-987-843-58-22, e-mail: email@example.com
Ryabov Nikolai Ivanovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Leading Researcher, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St.
Received: 10 Аugust 2020; Accepted: 14 September 2020; Published: 30 September 2020Download