Kinispay M Dzhulamanov, Shakur A Makaev, Nikolay P Gerasimov
Research was carried out according the plan of research scientific works on 2019-2021 yy. FSBSI FRC BST RAS (No 0761-2019-0012)
Influence of bull genotypes by genes CAPN1, CAST and TG5 on amino acid and fatty acid
compositions of meat in descendants of the Kazakh white-headed breed
Kinispay M Dzhulamanov, Shakur A Makaev, Nikolay P Gerasimov
Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)
Summary. The search for the most objective methods for determining the development of the main indicators characterizing the biological usefulness of meat is of great scientific and practical importance. In this regard, the aim of the study was to assess the effect of linear sire genotyped for the CAPN1, CAST and TG5 genes on the fatty acid and amino acid composition of meat in the offspring of the Kazakh white-headed breed. Father bulls were the successors of breeding lines of Marzipan 2933k; Smychok 5545k; Prizewinner of 5001k and Wild 7619k. The homozygous CASTCC genotype in fathers was associated with the maximum content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in sons. A noticeable effect on the ratio of unsaturated and saturated fatty acids was exerted by the genotype of sires for the TG5 gene. The heterozygous TG5CT gene type in fathers was associated with an increase in this indicator in the offspring by 0.04-0.11 units. The combination of the CASTCC and TG5CT genotypes in fathers was combined with an increased synthesis of amino acids in the muscle tissue of the sons. The sons of Sniper with a heterozygous profile for the CAPN1, CAST, and TG5 genes had a minimum amount of essential amino acids. Thus, beef obtained from the descendants of breeding bulls differed in amino acid and fatty acid composition.
Key words: cattle, sire bulls, Kazakh white-headed breed, factory line, descendants, genotype, meat quality, amino acid composition, fatty acid composition.
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Dzhulamanov Kinispay Murzagulovich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Head of the Laboratory for Beef Cattle Breeding, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St., cell: 8-987-840-49-28, e-mail: email@example.com
Makaev Shakur Akhmeevich, Dr. Sci. (Agr.), Chief Researcher, Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St.
Gerasimov Nikolay Pavlovich, Cand. Sci. (Agr.), Senior Researcher, Beef Cattle Breeding Department, Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29 9 Yanvarya St., cell: 89123589617, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 11 December 2020; Accepted: 14 December 2020; Published: 31 December 2020Download