Miroshnikov SA, Zavyalov OA, Frolov AN, Kurilkina MYa.

DOI: 10.33284/2658-3135-102-2-30

UDC 636.085:577.17


Researches are executed according to the state program 8-0526-2019-0001

The phenomenon of loaded metabolism and productivity of dairy cows

S A Miroshnikov1,2, O A Zavyalov1, A N Frolov1, M Ya Kurilkina1

1 Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Orenburg, Russia)

2Orenburg State University (Orenburg, Russia)

Summary. The studies were performed on Holstein cows (n=198), developed on the territory of Leningrad region. Hair samples were taken from the top of withers of the animals. The elemental composition of hair was estimated by methods of mass spectrometry with inductively coupled argon plasma (ICP-MS). At the first stage of research, values ​​of 25 and 75 percentiles, taken as the «physiological standard», were determined. The second stage of the experiment was carried out on Holstein cows (n=47) under the conditions of CJSC Gatchina in Leningrad region. Based on the data on lead concentration in hair, cows were divided into three groups: Group I – the range of lead concentrations in hair was 0.025-0.045 μg/g, Group II – 0.049-0.141 μg/g, Group III – 0.145-0.247 μg/g. It is established that the elemental composition of hair is in close connection with the productivity of dairy cows. It has been established that animals with a «loaded» metabolism, ascertained according to the increased content of lead in hair, are distinguished by relatively lower milk productivity and worse quality parameters of milk. The correlation between the level of lead in hair and milk fat (r=-0.50), protein (r=-0.37), dry matter (r=-0.48) and production of 1% milk (r=-0.50) proved to be reliable. In this case, the actual exchange pool of lead in the body of cows did not correlate with any of the essential elements, with the exception of chromium in group II.

Key words: cows, Holstein breed, hair, lead, chemical elements, milk productivity.


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    Miroshnikov Sergey Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sci(Biol.), Corresponding Member, Russian Academy Of Sciences, Director, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences,460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-41, e-mail: vniims.or@mail.ru; Professor, Department of Animal Biotechnology and Aquaculture,Orenburg State University, 460018, Orenburg, Russia, 13 Pobedy Avenue

   Zavyalov Oleg Aleksandrovich, Cand. Sci(Agr.),Senior Researcher, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: oleg-zavyalov83@mail.ru

    Frolov Alexey Nikolaevich, Cand. Sci(Agr.), Senior Researcher, Department for Beef Cattle Technology and Beef Production, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)43-46-78, e-mail: forleh@mail.ru

    Kurilkina Marina Yakovlevna, Cand. Sci(Biol.), Researcherof the Testing Center, Federal Research Center for Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 460000, Orenburg, Russia, 29, 9 Januarya St., tel.: 8(3532)77-39-97, e-mail: icvniims@mаil.ru

Received: 7 June 2019; Accepted: 17 June 2019; Published: 28 June 2019